Arshile Gorky (1904-1948), Birthday Apr 15

(1904-1948) New York/Connecticut, Abstract Expressionism, Surrealism, Automatism Living a life dominated by tragedy and despair, Arshile Gorky nevertheless became one of the most important abstract 20th-century artists. The art critic Harold Rosenberg wrote that Gorky was “an artist in exile for whom art became a homeland”. Born Vosdanig Manoog Adoian in Turkish Armenia, Arshile Gorky […]

Charles Burchfield (1893-1967), Birthday Apr 9

(1893-1967) New York, Landscape-Structure and Mod-Botanic Painting Charles E. Burchfield was born in Ashtabula Harbor, Ohio on April 9, 1893.  He was a shy and somewhat lonely youngster and he spent long hours exploring the nearby woods.  He was known to paint in the pouring rain; his perseverance paid off in some of the most […]

John Bernard Flannagan (1895-1942), Birthday Apr 7

(1895-1942) New York, Stone Figure Sculpture, Wood Carving Sculptor John Flannagan was born in Fargo, North Dakota on April 7, 1895.  His early life was a bitter struggle against poverty.  Too poor to buy quarried stone, he picked up fieldstones for carving.  He studied art at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts from 1914 to 1917.  […]


Edwin Austin Abbey (1852-1911), Birthday Apr 1

(1852-1911) Pennsylvania/New York / United Kingdom, History Illustration, Figure and Mural Painting Born in 1852, the name of Edwin Austin Abbey is related to both contemporary American Art Nouveau and the Symbolist movement. He was on staff at “Harpers” magazine by the time he was 19, and, despite success, recognition and raises, he left to […]

Grace Hartigan (1922-2008), Birthday Mar 28

(1922-2008) New York/Maryland, Modern Figure and Abstract Expressionist Painting Called a second-generation Abstract Expressionist, Grace Hartigan has created work that strikes a balance between abstract and figurative. Typically her figures are boldly outlined in black, and she fills them in with blocks of coloration.  Of her painting she said: “I do not wish to describe […]

Jack Youngerman (b 1926), Birthday Mar 25

(b 1926) New York, Minimal-Abstract, Ragged Edge Jack Youngerman, who is known for his constructions and paintings, was born in Louisville, Kentucky in 1926. He studied art at the University of North Carolina from 1944 to 1946 under a wartime navy training program, and graduated from the University of Missouri in 1947. Between 1947 and […]


John Smibert (1688-1751), Birthday Mar 24

(1688-1751) Massachusetts / England, Portrait and Some Landscape Painting Raised in Edinburgh, Scotland, John Smibert settled in Boston and became one of the foremost portrait artists in colonial America.  His style was that of the Old Masters, and he painted nearly 300 portraits.  In his later years, with weakened eyesight, he turned to portrait painting. […]

Kenneth Hayes Miller (1876-1952), Birthday Mar 11

(1876-1952) New York/California, Figure, Portrait, Landscape, and Still Life Painting, teaching Born in Oneida, New York, Kenneth Hayes Miller became a prominent painter and teacher in New York City in the early 20th century.  Not much influenced by modernism, he painted nude and semi-nude figures in settings that were hazy and romantic.  His signature subjects […]

David Smith (1906-1965), Birthday Mar 9

(1906-1965) New York, Welded Abstract Sculpture David Smith was a leading-edge modernist, who created large-scale sculptures in styles ranging from Cubist, Surrealist, and Constructivist.  Much of his importance to art historians is the fact that in his sculptures, he pioneered the style of Cubism known as “drawing in space”, and sculpture methods including the creation […]


Milton Clark Avery (1885-1965), Birthday Mar 7

(1885-1965) New York/Connecticut, Abstract Sea-Landscape, Nude Figure Known as a colorist focused on serene mood, harmony, and rounded shapes, Milton Avery was primarily a self-taught painter whose work combining abstraction and realism suggests dialogue between line, shape, muted color, and subdued emotions.  Most of his subjects were either marine scenes or figure studies. Although never […]

Winslow Homer (1836-1910), Birthday Feb 24

(1836-1910) Massachusetts, Genre, Marine, And Figure Painting, Illustration Born in Boston, Massachusetts in 1836 and growing up in Cambridge, Winslow Homer became one of the all-time leading figures in American art, known for his marine genre paintings and for his espousing of realism, especially of American life. From the 1880s until his death in 1910, […]

Raphaelle Peale (1774-1825), Birthday Feb 17

(1774-1825) Pennsylvania, Still-life, Portraits, Figure Painter Raphaelle Peale was born in Annapolis, Maryland in 1774.  He was the eldest son of Charles Willson Peale, under whom he first studied in Philadelphia.  He was the first of Peale’s children to survive infancy.  In the early 1790s, he helped his father run the Peale Museum in Philadelphia.  […]


Grant Wood (1891-1942), Birthday Feb 13

(1891-1942) Iowa, Regional Scene Painter, Genre-Portrait, Landscape One of the major American Regionalist painters along with Thomas Hart Benton and John Steuart Curry, Grant Wood was born in Anamosa, Iowa, and spent his childhood in Cedar Rapids.  Unlike Curry and Benton, he never moved East but remained in the Middle West where he found inspiration […]

Robert Morris (b 1931), Birthday Feb 9

(1931 – ) New York, Earthworks, Installation, Minimalism Robert Morris, a Minimalist artist, was born in Kansas City, Missouri in 1931, studying at that city’s Art Institute from 1948 to 1950, and then at the California School of Fine Arts, San Francisco in 1951. While living on the West Coast, he was involved with improvisational […]

Alison Saar (b 1956), Birthday Feb 5

(1956 – ) New York, Mod Figure, Collage, Assemblage Alison Saar, like her mother Betye Saar, is a sculptor and assemblage artist. Born in Los Angeles, California in 1956 of a White father–an artist, conservator–and Black, Irish, Native American mother, Alison Saar’s work tends to reflect the cultural aspects of her mother. The artist now […]