Paul Gauguin (1848-1903), Birthday June 7

Paul Gauguin (1848-1903), Birthday June 7

Day of the God (Mahana no Atua), 1894 oil on canvas (Chicago Art Institute) (1848-1903) France, Post-Impressionist paintings, Tahiti For more information about Paul Gauguin and to see samples of his work visit The Metropolitan Museum of Art website at For more Art Collecting Tips and Resources, be sure to visit our website and follow us […]

Mary Stevenson Cassatt (1844-1926), Birthday May 25

(1844-1926) Pennsylvania/France Impressionist painter Mary Cassatt is best known for her mother and child compositions and also for her color prints, based on Japanese woodblock techniques and that combined dry point, etching, and aquatint.  From 1890, she had her own printing press at her home.  Born in 1844 in Allegheny City (now part of Pittsburgh), […]

Franz Josef Kline (1910-1962), Birthday May 23

(1910-1962) New York, Action Painting, Abstract Expression Born in Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania, Franz Kline became one of the most prominent 20th-century American artists working in abstract and non objective styles. His name is most associated with large-scale black and white paintings, and these linear abstractions brought him his first notable public attention in 1950 when they […]


Jasper Johns (b 1930), Birthday May 15

(b 1930) New York, Mod Flags-Pop Symbols, Sculptor  Painter, sculptor, and printmaker Jasper Johns became one of America’s best-known post-Abstract Expressionists and Minimalists.  His name is most associated with pictorial images of flags and numbers, Pop-Art subjects that he depicted in Minimalist style with emphasis on linearity, repetition, and symmetry.  Johns completed his first flag […]

Willem de Kooning (1904-1997), Birthday Apr 24

(1904-1997) New York, Abstract Expressionist Painting, Figurative Willem de Kooning, one of the recognized masters of abstract expressionism, was a founder of the New York School of action painting.  Born in Rotterdam in 1904, de Kooning received a solid background in the applied arts as an apprentice, first for a commercial art firm and then […]

Arshile Gorky (1904-1948), Birthday Apr 15

(1904-1948) New York/Connecticut, Abstract Expressionism, Surrealism, Automatism Living a life dominated by tragedy and despair, Arshile Gorky nevertheless became one of the most important abstract 20th-century artists. The art critic Harold Rosenberg wrote that Gorky was “an artist in exile for whom art became a homeland”. Born Vosdanig Manoog Adoian in Turkish Armenia, Arshile Gorky […]


Charles Burchfield (1893-1967), Birthday Apr 9

(1893-1967) New York, Landscape-Structure and Mod-Botanic Painting Charles E. Burchfield was born in Ashtabula Harbor, Ohio on April 9, 1893.  He was a shy and somewhat lonely youngster and he spent long hours exploring the nearby woods.  He was known to paint in the pouring rain; his perseverance paid off in some of the most […]

John Bernard Flannagan (1895-1942), Birthday Apr 7

(1895-1942) New York, Stone Figure Sculpture, Wood Carving Sculptor John Flannagan was born in Fargo, North Dakota on April 7, 1895.  His early life was a bitter struggle against poverty.  Too poor to buy quarried stone, he picked up fieldstones for carving.  He studied art at the Minneapolis Institute of Arts from 1914 to 1917.  […]

Edwin Austin Abbey (1852-1911), Birthday Apr 1

(1852-1911) Pennsylvania/New York / United Kingdom, History Illustration, Figure and Mural Painting Born in 1852, the name of Edwin Austin Abbey is related to both contemporary American Art Nouveau and the Symbolist movement. He was on staff at “Harpers” magazine by the time he was 19, and, despite success, recognition and raises, he left to […]


Grace Hartigan (1922-2008), Birthday Mar 28

(1922-2008) New York/Maryland, Modern Figure and Abstract Expressionist Painting Called a second-generation Abstract Expressionist, Grace Hartigan has created work that strikes a balance between abstract and figurative. Typically her figures are boldly outlined in black, and she fills them in with blocks of coloration.  Of her painting she said: “I do not wish to describe […]

Jack Youngerman (b 1926), Birthday Mar 25

(b 1926) New York, Minimal-Abstract, Ragged Edge Jack Youngerman, who is known for his constructions and paintings, was born in Louisville, Kentucky in 1926. He studied art at the University of North Carolina from 1944 to 1946 under a wartime navy training program, and graduated from the University of Missouri in 1947. Between 1947 and […]

John Smibert (1688-1751), Birthday Mar 24

(1688-1751) Massachusetts / England, Portrait and Some Landscape Painting Raised in Edinburgh, Scotland, John Smibert settled in Boston and became one of the foremost portrait artists in colonial America.  His style was that of the Old Masters, and he painted nearly 300 portraits.  In his later years, with weakened eyesight, he turned to portrait painting. […]


Kenneth Hayes Miller (1876-1952), Birthday Mar 11

(1876-1952) New York/California, Figure, Portrait, Landscape, and Still Life Painting, teaching Born in Oneida, New York, Kenneth Hayes Miller became a prominent painter and teacher in New York City in the early 20th century.  Not much influenced by modernism, he painted nude and semi-nude figures in settings that were hazy and romantic.  His signature subjects […]

David Smith (1906-1965), Birthday Mar 9

(1906-1965) New York, Welded Abstract Sculpture David Smith was a leading-edge modernist, who created large-scale sculptures in styles ranging from Cubist, Surrealist, and Constructivist.  Much of his importance to art historians is the fact that in his sculptures, he pioneered the style of Cubism known as “drawing in space”, and sculpture methods including the creation […]

Milton Clark Avery (1885-1965), Birthday Mar 7

(1885-1965) New York/Connecticut, Abstract Sea-Landscape, Nude Figure Known as a colorist focused on serene mood, harmony, and rounded shapes, Milton Avery was primarily a self-taught painter whose work combining abstraction and realism suggests dialogue between line, shape, muted color, and subdued emotions.  Most of his subjects were either marine scenes or figure studies. Although never […]